The Mcity Test Facility has reopened for contactless testing. Please e-mail Vaughn Haack for test facility information at vhaack@umich.edu. The Mcity Office Building is still closed and Mcity staff will continue to work from home due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. Please feel free to contact us with any questions or concerns.

The data collection phase of the Mcity Driverless Shuttle research project is now complete and the shuttle is no longer in operation. We will post our research findings to this web page. Stay tuned!

Read FAQs

Driverless Technology

The Mcity Driverless Shuttle ran from June 4, 2018 through December 13, 2019. Our primary goal for this research project was to understand how passengers, pedestrians, bicyclists, and other drivers interacted with the shuttle as a way to gauge consumer acceptance of the technology.

The research project used two fully-automated, 11-seat, all-electric shuttles manufactured by the French firm NAVYA. In addition to LiDAR, which uses invisible laser beams to build a view of the surrounding environment, and GPS for localization, the two NAVYA Autonom Shuttles were equipped with on-board cameras and Wi-Fi communications to capture data generated during operation.

Gathering Rider Feedback

Exterior cameras captured the reaction and behavior of other road users, including other vehicles, bicyclists and pedestrians. Interior cameras recorded the reactions of riders inside the shuttle. This included the use of video and audio recordings, and photographs from the videos. Mcity also monitored ridership and usage patterns, and surveyed users about their experience. The data gathered will help researchers understand user trust over time, as well as how to design safer vehicles and how to operate them more efficiently.

M city Nayva driverless shuttle interior

Mcity Shuttle Resources

Case Study
The primary goal of the shuttle research project was to understand human acceptance, trust, and behavior when riding in a driverless shuttle or interacting with one on the road. This case study documents our experience getting ready to launch the Mcity shuttle. We hope others considering similar shuttle services can benefit from what we learned.

Download case study

Signage
For organizations launching a driverless shuttle program
Currently, there are no defined federal, state, or local regulations for signage along a driverless vehicle route. Download these graphics used for signs on the Mcity Driverless Shuttle route.

PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP

“This first-ever automated shuttle service on campus is a critical research project that will help us understand the challenges and opportunities presented by this type of mobility service and how people interact with it.”

Huei Peng Director, Roger L. McCarthy Professor of Mechanical Engineering